In reality, while the changes made the measure somewhat more palatable to the White House, they mainly provided a face-saving way to back down from a confrontation it was sure to lose if the sanctions bill reached the floor of the House. The Senate passed the original version of the bill, 97 to 2, and Republicans and Democrats expected a similarly overwhelming, veto-proof majority in the House if it came to a vote.
Not only would a veto by Mr. Trump have presumably been overridden by Congress, but White House advisers conceded it would have been politically disastrous. While other presidents might also have resisted legislation taking away their power to have the final say on sanctions, for Mr. Trump such a stance would be untenable given investigations into whether his team colluded with Russia during the election.
Administration officials said that Mr. Trump supported the array of sanctions that have already been imposed on Russia over the last three years since its annexation of Crimea and intervention in eastern Ukraine. While he has talked of improving relations with Moscow, aides noted that he had done nothing in his first six months in office to lift the sanctions.
But aides prepared a plan in the early days of his administration to reverse some sanctions imposed by President Barack Obama in his final weeks in office in retaliation for Russiaâs meddling in the election. The plan discussed by Mr. Trumpâs aides was throttled after Republican congressional leaders publicly and privately warned against it.
The stand-down on the sanctions fight came at the start of a week in which the presidentâs oldest son, Donald Trump Jr.; his son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared Kushner; and his former campaign chairman, Paul J. Manafort, are all set to talk with congressional investigators. White House aides on Sunday sought to explain the presidentâs assertion on Twitter on Saturday that he has the âcomplete power to pardonâ his relatives and advisers â and possibly even himself.
Jay Sekulow, one of the private lawyers representing Mr. Trump, said the president was simply asserting his authority after a Washington Post report that he was discussing it. But Mr. Sekulow denied that pardons were being considered. âWeâre not researching the issue, because the issue of pardons is not on the table, thereâs nothing to pardon from,â he said on ABC.
Asked if Mr. Trump could pardon himself, Mr. Sekulow said it was a matter of debate among legal scholars. âFrom a constitutional, legal perspective you canât dismiss it one way or the other,â he said. âI think itâs a question that would ultimately, if put in place, would probably have to be adjudicated by the Supreme Court to determine constitutionality.â
Still, even as Mr. Sekulow said pardons were not being considered, a senior administration official acknowledged that the president has raised the matter.
âIâm in the Oval Office with the president last week; weâre talking about that,â Mr. Scaramucci said on âFox News Sunday.â âHe brought that up. He said, but he doesnât have to be pardoned. Thereâs nobody around him that has to be pardoned. He was just making the statement about the power of pardons.â
Mr. Scaramucci said the Russia investigations were a distraction. âI worked intensely on that campaign, and I think that the Russian situation is completely overblown,â he said. âI was falsely accused of things related to Russia. I know other people are being falsely accused of things related to Russia. And Iâm confident that tomorrow when Jared Kushner speaks, and Iâll keep my fingers crossed in saying this to you, itâll probably be the last time that he has to talk about Russia.â