Protesters say a leak in the Dakota Access pipeline, which Trump just advanced, could be a ‘death sentence’ – Business Insider


A woman prays in front of the North Dakota State Capitol building.
A
woman stands in front of the North Dakota capitol
building.

Stephanie
Keith/Reuters


President Donald Trump on Tuesday signed executive orders to

advance construction
of the Dakota Access pipeline and the
Keystone XL pipeline.

Activists had fought against both pipelines — the protest at the
Standing Rock reservation over the Dakota Access pipeline that
was led by Native Americans
made headlines in 2016
. In December, the US Army Corps of
Engineers
rejected the permit
that the project needed for its
completion.

But on Tuesday, Trump signed a series of directives aimed at
speeding up the pipeline’s approval process. One of them ordered
an end to what he called “incredibly
cumbersome
” environmental reviews. Those reviews are seen by
many government agencies like the Environmental Protection
Agency, as well as environmentalists, as cornerstones to ensuring
the environment is taken into account when new construction
projects are ordered.

#NoDAPL and what’s to come


aries yumul and friend from the Lummi reservation
Aries Yumul, left, and
Waylon Wooden Legs Ballew at Standing Rock during the
protest.

Aries
Yumul


Beginning in September, thousands of protesters, including
representatives from more than 100 Native American tribes, camped
out in Cannon Ball, North Dakota, where they endured
freezing temperatures and the powerful sprays of a “water
cannon”
to protest the pipeline’s construction.

The project is a proposed 1,172-mile pipe that would shuttle half
a million barrels of North Dakota-produced oil to refining
markets in Illinois. Proponents of the pipeline say it would
lessen dependence on foreign oil while creating jobs and growing
domestic industry.

As proposed, the pipeline would pass through North Dakota’s Lake
Oahe, a burial site sacred to the Standing Rock Sioux and a major
source of drinking water for the community.

“The main reason it’s such a big deal here is that it’s going to
affect our water supply,” Aries Yumul, an assistant principal at
North Dakota’s Todd County School District and a self-identified
water protector with the
Oceti Sakowin
, the proper name for the people commonly known
as the Sioux,
told Business Insider in November
.

So protesters, whose rallying
cry on Twitter
was marked by the #NoDAPL hashtag, were joyous
when the Army Corps of Engineers, which was in charge of permits
for the project, appeared to move against it in December. But as
I
reported in December
, it may have been too early to
celebrate.

Here’s why environmentalists and people who live and work near
the proposed pipeline are so concerned.

Contaminated water is a massive health problem

Should the Dakota Access pipeline leak or burst, the effects
could be devastating.

And leak pipelines do. Since 1995, there have been more than
2,000 significant accidents involving oil and petroleum
pipelines, adding up to roughly $3 billion in property damage,

according to data
from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials
Safety Administration analyzed by The Associated Press. An
average of 121 accidents happened in both 2013 and 2014.


oil spill
Jed
Jacobsohn / Getty Images


An in-depth report in 2010 from Worcester Polytechnic Institute
that looked at the effects of three major oil spills found

increased incidences of cancer and digestive problems
in
people who had ingested the oil directly (in drinking water) or
indirectly (through eating the meat of livestock exposed to the
oil).

In addition, people who had used contaminated water for bathing
or laundry appeared to experience more skin problems, ranging
from mild rashes to severe and lasting eczema and malignant skin
cancers.

Most large-scale environmental projects require extensive legal
review — and that is what Trump is targeting

The Army Corps of Engineers must comply with several
environmental laws in permitting the pipeline, including the

National Environmental Policy Act
.

Passed in 1970, NEPA basically ensures that the government
considers the potential environmental effects of any federal
project, like a new highway or airport, before building it.

The Standing Rock Sioux say that the Dakota Access pipeline’s
review process was not done properly. In a lawsuit it
filed in July
against the Army Corps of Engineers, the tribe
said the permit process was rushed and undertaken largely without
its input.

If the pipeline were to leak or burst, it would send oil deep
into the Missouri River, the
Standing Rock Sioux’s primary source of water
, which the
tribe relies on for everything from bathing to drinking.

For that reason, the tribe says the Army Corps of Engineers could
violate not just one, but two laws: NEPA and the Clean Water Act.
The 1972
Clean Water Act
makes it unlawful to discharge any pollutant
from a single identifiable source — such as a pipe — into certain
bodies of water without a permit.


Dakota Access oil pipeline UN Summit
Dave
Archambault II, chairman of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, waits
to speak against the Dakota Access oil pipeline during the Human
Rights Council at the UN in Geneva, Switzerland, on September
20.

Denis
Balibouse/Reuters


“The Missouri River is the tribe’s only source of water,”
Devashree
Saha
, a senior policy associate at the Brookings Institution,
told me in November. “If this leaks, it is going to spill into
the river. So the tribe’s legal stance — that they were not
adequately consulted, that there are potential water issues here
— their legal concerns are strong.”

Dakota Access, a subsidiary of Energy Transfer Partners, the
company building the pipeline, responded to Business Insider’s
request for comment last fall in an email, saying: “Crude
pipelines in the country have a very specific review and approval
process that must be followed. Crude/oil lines are approved at
the state level, which is why all of the review and environmental
analysis was done by the four states through which this pipeline
passes. The exception to that is the crossing of waterways and
federally owned land, which are under the jurisdiction of the
Army Corps of Engineers to review and approve.”

That “specific review and approval process” is precisely what
Trump’s most recent directive appears to target.

Trump also
owned stock in Energy Transfer Partners
, according to his
most recent filing with the Federal Election Commission, The New
York Times reported on Tuesday. The Times added that a Trump
spokesperson said last month that Trump had sold all of his stock
during the summer, yet Trump has failed to provide any
documentation proving the sale.


Signs left by protesters demonstrating against the Energy Transfer Partners Dakota Access oil pipeline sit at the gate of a construction access road where construction has been stopped for several weeks due to the protests near the Standing Rock Sioux reservation in Cannon Ball, North Dakota, U.S. September 6, 2016.  REUTERS/Andrew Cullen
Signs
left by Dakota Access pipeline protesters near the Standing Rock
reservation in Cannon Ball, North Dakota.

Thomson Reuters

The pipeline was originally designed to run much farther north —
near Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota. But as
Bill McKibben wrote in The New Yorker
, officials rerouted it
when people there raised concerns that it could jeopardize the
community’s water supply.

But now, instead of risking Bismarck, the route could threaten
the Standing Rock Sioux.

“Our aquifers and rivers are fed by this river,” Yumul said. “If
it were to get contaminated, it would affect all of the tribal
nations. The idea of that … it would be a death sentence at
this point.”

Comments

Write a Reply or Comment:

Your email address will not be published.*