The pound fell the most since May 2010 after London Mayor Boris Johnson, one of the U.K.’s most popular politicians, said he’ll campaign for Britain to leave the European Union in a June referendum.
Sterling dropped at least 1.2 percent against all its 16 major peers, reversing a gain made on Friday when Prime Minister David Cameron secured a deal on membership terms with EU leaders in Brussels. The next day, Cameron said he would fight to keep Britain in the bloc, and set a June 23 date for the vote. Gauges of pound volatility versus both the dollar and euro surged to the highest level since 2011 as Conservative MP Johnson backing of a so-called ’Brexit’ pitted himself against the prime minister.
“The pound is tumbling after the deal clinched by Prime Minister Cameron at the EU summit failed to alleviate fears about Brexit,” said Valentin Marinov, head of Group-of-10 currency strategist at Credit Agricole SA’s corporate and investment-banking unit in London. “The fact that prominent members of the Conservative Party announced they will campaign for Britain to leave the EU likely underscored investors’ concerns that Brexit risks could increase from here despite the deal.”
The pound dropped 1.7 percent to $1.4163 as of 9:20 a.m. in London, set for the biggest decline since the day of the U.K. General Election on May 6, 2010. While the currency is down 3.9 percent this year, it remains above an almost seven-year low of $1.4080 reached in January.
Sterling weakened 1.2 percent to 78.24 pence per euro. Although the announcement of the date removes one aspect of ambiguity for traders, they now face months of polls and campaigning that may boost volatility further. With traders already pushing back bets on the timing of a Bank of England interest-rate increase, the prospect of Britain leaving the world’s largest single market had been causing further concern, helping push down the pound against all of its Group-of-10 peers this year.
“The pound’s weakness is a product of uncertainty of the U.K.’s ongoing membership of the union, not the timing of the poll,” said David Page, a senior economist at AXA Investment Managers in London. “Weakness is likely to reflect any increased perception of the likelihood to leave and as such is likely to be a constant feature over the coming months.”
Cameron is due to address lawmakers later Monday. Economists at HSBC Holdings Plc, Britain’s largest bank, said the make up of the U.K. could be called into question if it votes to leave the EU but Scotland or Wales want to stay. Moody’s Investors Service said a Brexit would be negative for the nation’s credit rating, as the economic costs would outweigh any benefits.
Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said earlier this month if Britain quits the EU the pound may fall to $1.15-$1.20 — levels last seen in 1985. HSBC said in January a forecast for a jump to $1.60 by year-end relied on the nation remaining in the 28-member group.
Boris Johnson isn’t the only dissenter. Six ministers said they’d defy Cameron and campaign to leave on Saturday, among them the Prime Minister’s long-time friend and ally, Justice Secretary Michael Gove.
Even so, Cameron has convinced the majority of his cabinet to support him, including Business Secretary Sajid Javid and Home Secretary Theresa May, who were both seen as wavering over which way to vote.
“Even if an exit isn’t likely, uncertainty and concerns about it will continue and weigh on sterling,” said Kengo Suzuki, chief currency strategist at Mizuho Securities Co. in Tokyo. “On the economic front, there isn’t much to undermine the currency, but the uncertainty over a potential exit will cap sterling, keeping it in a $1.40 to $1.50 range. ”