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The flooding could get worse in Houston.
The Army Corps of Engineers on Monday began releasing water from flood-control reservoirs, which is likely to worsen flooding in parts of Houston, Mayor Sylvester Turner said.
The Buffalo Bayou, the major waterway flowing west to east through the heart of the city, is already at record-high flood levels, and was projected to remain that way for days, even without the release from the Addicks and Barker reservoirs at the western edge of Houston.
âAs they increase the water and it comes down, the water level along Buffalo Bayou, in all probability, it will increase,â Mr. Turner said at a news conference.
âPeople who were not in a crisis state yesterday may find themselves in a crisis state today,â he added.
With the reservoirs at capacity, the Army Corps began releasing water from them before dawn. Mr. Turner said the release was 5,000 cubic feet per second, and would increase to 8,000.
Evacuees and residents face a new reality.
Across Harveyâs devastating path, countless people woke up Monday on cots in shelters, in the bellies of National Guard vehicles, in hotels, on friendsâ couches, or trapped in their own homes â tired, hungry, and bracing for more.
Rescues of people stranded by floodwaters continued on Monday throughout southeastern Texas, and Gov. Greg Abbott said the state was sending hundreds more boats and high-clearance vehicles to the region to aid those efforts.
Governor Abbott on Monday activated the entire Texas National Guard, except those already deployed or preparing to deploy on other missions, to aid in storm rescue and recovery. He said the order will increase the number of troops involved from about 3,000 to 12,000.
Many people hunkered down in their soggy homes, heeding the advice of the National Weather Service: âDo not attempt to travel in the affected areas if you are in a safe place.â
Melanie Steele, 43, who evacuated her home over the weekend, received an alert on her phone Sunday night that the alarm had gone off in her house, which sits along a bayou in Houstonâs Linkwood neighborhood.
âIâm assuming that means the water is pushing inâ and that all she has is lost, she said as she sat in hotel room, hugging her dog, Baxter. âThat literally put me into a tailspin.â
She said she and her husband left in a rush, with Baxter and a baggie of dog food, never imagining that they would not be able to return home.
Judge Ed Emmett, the chief executive officer in Harris County, home to Houston and 4.5 million people, said that pets would be allowed to accompany residents inside shelters. During Hurricane Katrina, some people declined to seek refuge in shelters because they could not take their pets. â JULIE TURKEWITZ in Houston
The 911 system was overwhelmed, but is catching up.
Houstonâs 911 system has received 75,000 calls since the storm began, but the backlog that left many callers frustrated has been largely resolved, city officials said on Monday morning.
Over the weekend, when some residents complained that their 911 calls were not being answered, the system often had more than 100 calls at a time in the queue, Joe Laud, administration manager at the Houston Emergency Center, said at a news conference. By Monday morning, he said, that backlog was down to 10 to 15 calls.
Chief Art Acevedo said at the same news conference that the Police Department had rescued 2,000 people since the storm began â a figure that did not include rescues made by firefighters and volunteers. âAt this moment we have approximately 185 critical rescue requests still pending,â he added.
Local officials warn of an âextremely dangerousâ situation in Houston.
The storm turned eastward early Monday, and it appeared it would stay to the east of Harris County. Forecasters called this good news, but warned that the situation could change. The heaviest bands of rainfall shifted to the northeast, battering places like Beaumont, Texas and Lake Charles, Louisiana.
The Harris County flood control district said the situation remained âextremely dangerous and life-threatening,â and that more intense flooding was on the way. Mandatory and voluntary evacuation orders remained in place in neighborhoods throughout the region.
Facing criticism, Mr. Turner, the Houston mayor, on Sunday defended his decision not to order an evacuation of the entire city.
On Monday, Governor Abbott declined to question that call.
âThe evacuation issue is something that canât be second-guessed at this time, because we have to focus our priority on saving lives,â the governor told CNN.
â RICHARD PÃREZ-PEÃA in New York
A motorist was out of luck, and stranded at a gas station.
On Monday, a Stripes gas station in southern Houston that had planned to stay open during the storm â âWeâre OPENâ read a giant hastily scrawled sign across the front of the store â had shuttered. A smaller sign on the glass door said the station was out of gas and closed until further notice.
And Carolyn Foreman stood alone by a gas pump, staring out at the nearby freeway, now so flooded with water that it reached the tops of stranded cars. Wind and rain whipped at nearby palm trees.
Ms. Foreman had slept in that spot, in her Jeep, for the two last days. âIâm stranded right here,â she said, explaining that she was trying get to her motherâs house, to safety. âIâm 61 years old, Iâve never seen this before. Iâve been here in Houston all my life. Iâve never seen nothing like this before. And Iâm afraid really. Iâm afraid it might get worse.â A car pulled up and a woman hopped out, a stranger to Ms. Foreman, hoping to enter the store.
Ms. Foreman evoked God as the sky darkened. A phone message to residents noted that a flash flood was coming. âI feel like he is trying to tell us something,â said Ms. Foreman.
The woman, Shaun Coleman, 37, jumped in. âOh he is telling us something,â Ms. Coleman said. âGod said we should all get together and unite. And be together, instead of going against each other every day.â
â JULIE TURKEWITZ in Houston
The oil and gas industries are facing disruptions.
The storm blew through critical areas for the countryâs oil and gas industry and has already caused some disruptions in production. Exxon Mobil, for instance, said on its website Sunday that it was shutting down operations at its huge Baytown refining and petrochemical complex because of flooding, and heavy rain prompted Royal Dutch Shell to close a large refining facility in Deer Park, east of Houston.
Shell, one of the largest producers in the Gulf of Mexico, also said it had closed two offshore production platforms, Perdido and Enchilada Salsa, and evacuated most of the workers.
Still, most oil and gas production in the gulf continues uninterrupted, and analysts say it is likely that the effects on energy prices and supplies will be limited by the substantial stocks of oil available, as well as products like gasoline that are on hand because of a long period of booming global output.
âThe stocks are high,â said Michael Lynch, president of Strategic Energy and Economic Research, a consulting firm. âRain damage is probably not that severe.â
He added that the storm was likely to produce âa price blip, mainly in the Gulf Coast area.â
There are signs that companies may be able to restart suspended operations relatively quickly. Valero, a large independent refiner, said in a statement Sunday that the company had assessed the two Texas facilities it had shut down and found that they did not have âsubstantial refinery impacts from the storm.â
Valero said it was working with government agencies and business partners to evaluate the condition of infrastructure, particularly ports, needed to resume operations. â STANLEY REED in New York
Here are some ways to help.
Donations to the Salvation Army can be made online.
Catholic Charities is accepting donations online or text CCUSADISASTER to 71777 to donate.
Airbnb is waiving all service fees for those affected by the disaster and checking in between Aug. 23 and Sept. 1.