Apostolic Christianity fuels Kentucky clerk’s gay marriage fight – Reuters

MOREHEAD, Ky., Sept 4 The low-slung, white
building that houses Morehead, Kentucky’s Solid Rock Apostolic
Church is small enough that a visitor could easily drive past
without noticing.

But over the past four years the church and its version of
Apostolic Christianity has come to play a big role in the life
of Kim Davis. It helped the thrice-divorced Rowan County Clerk
escape what her lawyer described as a life in the “devil’s
playground” and lead her to face jail in opposition to a U.S.
Supreme Court ruling upholding same-sex marriage that she said
violated her religious beliefs.

No one answered the door at the church on Friday, and its
pastor, Daniel Carter, did not respond to a request for an

The label Apostolic Christianity can refer to one of several
U.S. Christian denominations, including the Pentecostal
Apostolic Church and the Apostolic Christian Church, both of
which are known for strict interpretation of the Bible,
religious experts said.

Signs outside the church did not make clear which version of
Apostolic Christianity it follows. A white van parked outside
the church was emblazoned with the words “Acts 2:38,” a
reference to a Bible verse.

In the King James version of the text most commonly used by
fundamentalists, that verse reads “Then Peter said unto them,
Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus
Christ for the remission of sins and ye shall receive the gift
of the Holy Ghost.”

Davis, 49, has said she converted to Apostolic Christianity
at the request of her dying mother-in-law. She tearfully
recalled her conversion on Thursday before a U.S. District Court
judge ordered her jailed for contempt of court for her two-month
refusal to allow her office to issue any marriage licenses in
protest of gay marriage.

While the branches of Apostolic Christianity have
deep-rooted differences, including whether to regard God as a
trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit or as one being who
manifests in three forms, both oppose allowing same-sex couples
to wed.

“It tends to be a conservative Christian body and the focus
is on piety, on devotion to Christ,” said Terrence Reynolds, a
professor of religion at Georgetown University in Washington,
D.C. “They are people who are very serious about their faith and
who are very committed to what God requires.”


U.S. law on gay marriage has changed rapidly since 2004,
when Massachusetts became the first state to legalize same-sex
nuptials. Another 35 states went on to legalize it and 13 had
bans in place before the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in June that
the U.S. Constitution guarantees same-sex couples the right to

The public remains closely divided as well, with just 49.2
percent of respondents to a Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll this week
saying they supported same-sex marriage and 36.5 percent
opposing it. The poll had a credibility interval of 2.6 percent.

Many opponents, including Davis, cite religious grounds as
justifying their opposition.

Activists on both sides of the issue in Kentucky, where
nearly one of every two residents identifies as a member of an
evangelical Protestant church, according to a recent Pew poll,
cited religion as backing their views.

April Miller, a member of one of the same-sex couples whose
lawsuit lead to Davis’ jailing, noted in court testimony on
Thursday that pro- and anti-same-sex marriage activists had
joined together in singing the hymn “Amazing Grace” outside
Davis’ office.

Davis recalled on Thursday finding Jesus Christ when she
began attending church after her mother-in-law’s death in
January 2011.

“I promised to love him with my whole heart and soul,” she
testified. “You can’t be separated from something that’s in your
heart and in your soul.”

Davis’ life took many turns before she found Solid Rock. The
native of Breathitt County, deep in Appalachia, has been married
four times and divorced three times. Two of her marriages have
been to the same man, her current husband Joe Davis. Two of her
four children were born out of wedlock in 1994.

Her attorney, Mat Staver, told reporters on Friday after
meeting with Davis that she believed that “she played in the
Devil’s playground for a long time and her life has been
radically changed since then.”

“Like other Biblical literalists, she recognizes that
divorce is stringently prohibited in the Bible,” said Candida
Moss, a professor of New Testament and early Christianity at the
University of Notre Dame. “This is where fundamentalists and
historians agree. The saying of Jesus that one should not
divorce is, historically speaking, one of the most historically
reliable sayings of Jesus.”

Davis’ most recent marriage occurred about two years before
her conversion to Apostolic Christianity, a faith that
emphasizes forgiveness.

“Repentance, baptism and forgiveness are huge components of
Pentecostalism in general. Baptism is rebirth,” Moss said.
“There is a lot of criticism of Davis for being thrice-divorced.
But as those took place before her baptism, she is no longer
tarnished by those sins.”

(Writing by Scott Malone; Editing by Lisa Shumaker)


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